ARCHIVED CONTENT: In December 2020, the CZO program was succeeded by the Critical Zone Collaborative Network (CZ Net) ×
Christina CZO was active 2009-2013 ×

Construction Endmember: White Clay Creek below landfill

Field Areas     

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1.3 km2   Area

138 - 200 m   Elev

12 °C   Temp

1145 mm   Precip

Parent Field Area:
Christina River Basin ▲

J. Denis Newbold (CRB-CZO Investigator)at the construction endmember field area. Photo: Anthony Audenkampe (Stroud)



Soil Order



deciduous forest

Land Use

agricultural land, forest land, urban or built-up land

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Setting & Research
Overview Maps
Dynamic Map
Partner Organizations
  • Setting & Research


    Construction endmember land use/land cover

    Construction endmember aerial

    Construction endmember geology

    Construction endmember soils

    Construction endmember topography

  • Overview Maps

    Map Overlays
    Land Use/Land Cover
  • Dynamic Map

    To fully zoom into a small area, you may need to visit the "Map" button and uncheck "Terrain" view.

  • Data

    Christina River Basin - Stream Suspended Sediment (1993-2012)
    20 components    Boulton Run, Christina River Basin, Forest Endmember: Spring Brook, White Clay Creek @ SWRC, Construction Endmember: White Clay Creek below landfill, Lower White Clay Creek, Agricultural Endmember: South Branch Doe Run    Water Chemistry, Geomorphology, Biogeochemistry, Hydrology, Geochemistry / Mineralogy    Aufdenkampe, A.K.; Newbold, J.D.; Anderson, B. A.; Richardson, D.; Damiano, S.G.

  • Photos

    CRB-CZO Construction Endmember Field Area

    White Clay Creek below landfill

  • Partner Organizations

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Human Impacts
  • Geology

    • metasediments

    Construction endmember geology

  • Topography

    138 - 200 m elevation (164 m mean)

    Elevation data are based on 10m DEM data from USGS National Elevation Data.

    Construction endmember topography

  • Climate

    12 °C Mean Annual Temp
    1145 mm Mean Annual Precipitation

    There is an exceptionally long climate record for the Christina River Basin. Our figures are based on 115 years of NOAA data back to 1894 with at least one station per year having at least 360 days of non-missing records in the given year. Visit the climate tab for the entire Christina River Basin to view plots of climate data.

  • Soil

    • Ultisol

    Construction endmember soils

  • Human Impacts

    • agricultural land
    • forest land
    • urban or built-up land

    Construction endmember land use/land cover

    Land Use/ Land Cover Types (Level II)
    Category LULCID %
    Developed, Open Space 21 12.0
    Developed, Low Intensity 22 4.1
    Developed, Medium Intensity 23 1.0
    Deciduous Forest 41 16.3
    Shrub/Scrub 52 0.6
    Grassland/Herbaceous 71 0.4
    Pasture/Hay 81 26.3
    Cultivated Crops 82 39.3


    Land Use/ Land Cover Types (Level I)
    Category %
    Open Water 0.0
    Developed, Open Space 12.0
    Developed 5.1
    Barren Land 0.0
    Forest 16.3
    Shrub/Scrub 0.6
    Grassland/Herbaceous 0.4
    Agriculture 65.6
    Wetlands 0.0

    Land use/cover data from the National Land Cover Dataset for 2006.